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bipolar junction transistor
Bipolar Junction Transistor Basics Tutorial

BJT, or Bipolar Junction Transistor, is a key electronic component with three terminals—emitter, base, and collector. Evolving from point-contact transistors, it persists as a vital technology for switching and amplification.

PCB Solder Mask Opening
Guide to PCB Solder Mask Opening Design

PCB solder mask openings are crucial for various applications, including test points, heat dissipation, grounding, gold fingers, and current capacity enhancement. Design considerations, like choosing between opening and tenting, are

NPN Transistor
BJT NPN Transistor

NPN transistors, part of the BJT family, excel in linear amplification, switching, and high gain at low to mid frequencies. With N-P-N structure, they play crucial roles in amplifiers, switches,

In-Circuit Testing
Comprehensive In-Circuit Testing (ICT) Guide

ICT testing swiftly verifies electronic components and circuit connections on PCBs, efficiently detecting defects such as soldering issues, component errors, and circuit parameter deviations. With flexibility and rapid turnaround, it’s

pcb x ray
PCB X-Ray Inspection Comprehensive Introduction

X-ray inspection is vital for detecting internal defects as circuitry shifts to inner layers in the electronics industry. Multilayer PCBs, driven by the need for miniaturization and enhanced functionality, increase

Complementary Field-Effect Transistor (CFET)

CFET, a revolutionary 3D Nanosheet transistor, marks a transformative shift in chip tech, addressing size reduction challenges. TSMC, Samsung, and Intel progress with gate pitch reduction and electrical isolation, advancing

point contact transistor
What is a Point-Contact Transistor

The point-contact transistor, an early alternative to electron tubes, was swiftly surpassed by the superior bipolar junction transistor (BJT). Originating from Bell Labs, it utilized a metal needle for point

size of transistor
Is Smaller Always Better for Transistor Size?

The quest for smaller transistors in integrated circuits enhances chip performance by increasing integration. From large-scale categorizations to nanometer-based measurements, the semiconductor industry continually pursues miniaturization. Challenges arise as transistor

types of transistor
Different Types of Transistors and Their Applications

Transistors, vital in electronics, amplify and switch signals. Silicon transistors, evolving from germanium, dominate with higher temperatures and chip integration. Gallium arsenide and silicon carbide serve specialized applications. Transistors include

ultra thin flex pcb
Ultra-Thin Flexible PCB

Ultra-thin flexible PCBs, with a 55% thickness reduction, respond to the demand for miniaturized electronics. These PCBs offer size and weight advantages, ideal for applications like wearables. However, drawbacks include

semi flex pcb
Semi Flex PCB

Semi-flex PCB, a budget-friendly alternative to rigid-flex PCB, achieve flexibility using FR4 material and a milling technique to thin specific areas. Ideal for low-profit projects with moderate precision needs, they

polyimide pcb
Polyimide PCB

Polyimide PCBs redefine rigid and flexible substrate norms, excelling in diverse applications with superior thermal, electrical, and chemical properties. Compared to FR4, Polyimide outshines in thermal and electrical characteristics, making

flexible pcb led strip
Flexible PCB LED Strips Guide

This guide illuminates the world of Flexible PCB LED strips, showcasing their innovative applications. Exploring the types, SMD and COB, it delves into their unique features and ideal use cases.

pcb ground plane
Optimal Practices for PCB Ground Plane Design

This guide on PCB ground planes covers essential aspects for ensuring circuit stability and performance. It explores ground plane nodes, grounding schemes, and effective techniques. Practical tips include minimizing ground

Top PCB Prototyping Manufacturers
List of Top PCB Prototyping Manufacturers

This list highlights top global PCB prototype manufacturers, essential for validating designs. Notable companies include MorePCB, Viasion Technology, MacroFab, CircuitHub, and A-TECH CIRCUITS. Considerations like lead time, production costs, and

gold fingers pcb
Ultimate Guide to PCB Gold Fingers

This guide details PCB gold fingers, addressing their design, specifications, and electroplating process. Positioned at the circuit board edge, gold fingers facilitate reliable signal transmission. Design considerations, such as chamfer

hasl vs enig

Choosing between HASL and ENIG for PCB surface finish involves trade-offs in lifespan, surface smoothness, and price. HASL is cost-effective and suitable for general electronics, while ENIG offers superior smoothness

Distinguish Hard Gold and Soft Gold in PCB
How to Distinguish Hard Gold and Soft Gold in PCB

Hard Gold and Soft Gold are PCB finishes; hard gold, an alloy, suits harsh conditions, while soft gold, often pure, offers flexibility. Both use electroplating, with hard gold providing reliability

enepig vs enig

ENEPIG and ENIG are advanced PCB surface finishes, enhancing soldering uniformity and reliability through metal layer deposition. ENEPIG, an evolved version of ENIG, introduces a palladium layer, preventing metal diffusion

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